Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space. This emotional bond between infant and caregiver is the means by which the helpless infant gets their primary needs met. The attachment experience affects personality development and the ability to form stable relationships throughout life. The early experience of the infant stimulates the growth of the brain and shapes emerging mental processes. Neuroscientists believe that attachment is of such a primal importance that the brain has networks of neurons dedicated to setting it in motion.
Positive attachment provides the infant’s first coping system, which becomes a foundation for all the others. Healthy attachment nurtures the child’s ability to eventually separate from the caregiver and survive independently.